The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898

266 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.

THE REAL SAINT-DENIS.
LESTER G. BUGBEE.
In a paper read before the midwinter meeting of the Associa-
tion and published in the January Quarterly, Rev. Edmond J. P.
Schmitt questions Yoakum's accuracy in using the name Jucher-
eau* as applied to that Saint-Denis who figured in the early history
of Louisiana and Texas. He also points out the error of John
Henry Brown's statement that Saint-Denis was killed by the Nat-
chez Indians in 1728.t
Some of our Texas historians have perhaps committed a much
graver fault in embellishing their pages with the interesting ad-
ventures of this hero-trader than has been indicated by Father
Schmitt. It is highly probable that the story of Saint-Denis as
recorded in many of our histories is, in most particulars, nothing
more than one of those pretty myths that find their way into his-
tory so easily and hold their places in the popular mind so ten-
aciously. It is the purpose of the following article to point out
some of the errors that have crept into this story, to indicate the
chief sources from which we must reconstruct the true narrative,
and to call attention to the real importance of Saint-Denis in the
history of Texas. What is here written, however, is in no sense to
be considered final; some of the most important sources of informa-
tion have been beyond my reach, and from them, no doubt, much
is yet to be learned; indeed, it is not improbable that a study of
other sources will develop errors in what I have said in this paper.
* Most of the authorities are agreed that Saint-Denis' first name
was Louis; Le Page du Pratz calls him Luchereau; Margry writes
it Louis Juchereau. Father Schmitt is undoubtedly correct in saying
that the Saint-Denis of Louisiana and Texas must not be confused with
the Juchereau de Saint-Denis who played a part in the history of Can-
ada; they are both mentioned in the same sentence in Margry's D6cou-
vertes et 6tablissements des Frangais dans l'ouest et dans le sud de
l'Am6rique seplentrionale, vol. V, p. 426.
f Edmond J. P. Schmitt, Who was Juchereau de Saint-Denis? the
Quarterly, January, 1898, pp. 204-206.

Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 1, July 1897 - April, 1898. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101009/. Accessed December 27, 2014.