Life of German Pioneers.
LIFE OF GERMAN PIONEERS IN EARLY TEXAS.
CAROLINE YON HINUEBER (BORN ERNST).
[This narrative has been prepared for publication in THE QUARTERLY
by Rudolph Kleberg, Jr. See QUARTERLY for April, 1898, p. 297, and for
October, 1898, p. 170.-EDITOR QUARTERLY.]
'When my farther came to Texas, I was a child ,of eleven ,or twelve
years. My father's name was Friedrich Ernst. He was by profession -
a bo'ok-keeper,'and emigrated from the duchy of Oldenburg. Shortly
after landing in New York he fell in with Mr. Fordtran, a tanner
and a countryman of his. A book by a Mr. Duhde, setting forth the
advantages of the new State of Missouri, had come into their
hands, and they determined to settle in that State. While in New
Orleans, they heard that every settler who came to Texas with his
family would receive a league and labor of land from the Mexican
government. This information induced them to abandon their
We set sail for Texas in the schooner Saltillo, Captain Haskins.
Just as we were ready to start, a flatboat with a party of Ken-
tuckians and their dogs was hitched on to our vessel, the Ken-
tuckians coming aboard and leaving their dogs behind on the flat-
boat. The poor animals met a grievous fate. Whenever the wind
arose and the waves swept over the boat, they would howl and
whine most piteously. One night the line parted, and we never
saw them again.
We were almost as uncomfortable as the dogs. The boat was
jammed with passengers and their luggage so that you could hardly
find a place on the floor to lie down at night. I firmly believe that
a strong wind would have drowned us all. In the bayou, the
schooner often grounded, and the men had to take the anchor on
shore and pull her off. We landed at Harrisburg, which consisted
at that time of about five or six log houses, on the 3d of April, 1831.
Captain Harris had a sawmill, and there was a store or two, I be-
lieve. Here we remained five weeks, while Fordtran went ahead of
us and entered a league, where now stands the town of Industry.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101011/. Accessed May 28, 2015.