The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899

Notes and Fragments.


for January, 1899, on page 215, in my sketch of Captain Adolphus
Sterne, occurs a misprint (if it be not a blunder of my own), in
stating the date of Mrs. Sterne's last removal. It reads thus:
"Thence [from Austin], in 1874 or 1875, she removed with her
daughter, Mrs. Ryan, to Houston, which was her last earthly home."
The correct statement of the date is "1894 or 1895."
AUSTIN' VIEWS ON SLAVERY.-Mr. Lester G. Bugbee, in his
recent monograph, Slavery in Early Texas, says concerning Stephen
F. Austin's views on the slavery question: "After the colony had
been established on a firm basis, Austin thought that a sufficient
number of slaves had been brought in, and so, from 1830, we find
him in opposition to the further advance of the institution." Mr.
Bugbee sustains his assertion by several quotations from Austin's
letters; one, whose tone is very positive, reading thus: "I am of the
opinion that Texas will never become a slave State or country.
I will be candid with you on this point, and say I hope it never
Nevertheless, Austin's convictions were entirely changed before
the Texas revolution; for, on his return from prison in Mexico, he
wrote to Mrs. Mary Holly, August 21, 1835, saying: "Texas must
be a slave country. It is no longer a matter of doubt. The interest
of Louisiana requires that it should be. A population of fanatical
abolitionists in Texas would have a very dangerous and pernicious
influence on the overgrown slave population of that State. Texas
must and ought to become an outwork on the west, as Alabama and
Florida are on the east, to defend the key of the western world-the
mouths of the Mississippi." Touching the relations of Texas and
Mexico, he continues: "Being fully Americanized under the Mex-
ican flag would be the same thing in effect and ultimate result as

Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 2, July 1898 - April, 1899. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed March 29, 2015.