The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900

108 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.

THE ROUTE OF CABEZA DE VACA.
BETHEL COOPWOOD.
Part I.
The three principal objects of the first part of this investigation
will be:
First, to point out the island of Mal-Hado by certain indicia
sufficient to distinguish it from all others on the Texas gulf coast.
According to the relation of Cabeza de Vaca it must be five leagues
long and half a league wide. It must have another island back of it,
on which the clergyman and negro lived the first winter, and from
which they were brought to Mal-Hado in the spring of 1529. It
must have an ancon or bay about two leagues wide between it and
the mainland. Going along the coast on the main there must be
four streams before reaching an ancon or bay a league wide, with a
tongue of land projecting into it from the Panuco side; and on
reaching the high land on that side there must be visible a high,
white sand bank to the southeast. And when all these marks of iden-
tity are fairly shown to exist so related to each other, the known law
of infinity in the variety of things will require the island so re-
lated to them to be Cabeza's Mal-Hado.
Second, to show with reasonable certainty where Cabeza and his
companions left their Indian masters and fled to the Avavares. It
must be within thirty leagues of a place on a river where there were
many very large trees, which bore nuts similar to those of Galicia.
It must be in a prickly pear region, where at least two kinds are
found, one better than the other. It must be within four or five
days' march of a stream in whose vicinity there are trees bearing
fruit resembling peas, which hangs on the trees till as late as Octo-
ber. And if these places can be found sustaining such relation to
each other, that prickly pear region will be the point from which the
unfortunate Spaniards fled when the moon was full on the thir-
teenth of September to the camp of a party of Avavares, which they
reached that day.

Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101015/. Accessed February 27, 2015.