The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900

Route of Cabeza de Vaca.

Part II.
This part will present two routes from Nogales, pursuing them
to their western termini, to afford the reader an opportunity to
determine which, if either, is the true route in question. The most
southerly, in the conception of the writer, embracing the greater
number of natural objects mentioned by Cabeza de Vaca as existing
along this part of his route, it will be taken up first. .Along it there
will be pointed out nine leading objects, with their circumstances,
marks of identity, and connection with and relation to each other
and their bearings along the route. They are:
First, the beautiful river on which there was an Indian village
where they ate the pinones.
Second, the large river coming from the north, crossed after
going through the valleys where the Indians chased and killed the
Third, the very large river whose water was breast deep, crossed
at the end of the fifty leagues' march through the rough, dry moun-
Fourth, the river flowing between some mountains, with an In-
dian village on it where the captive woman's father lived, and
another a day's march further on, the people of which Cabeza says
they called those of the Cows.
Fifth, the river up which Cabeza de Vaca says they made seven-
teen days' march and then crossed it, which is the fourth large one
mentioned by him as crossed after leaving the Avavares.
Sixth, the place where they got the arrows with emerald points,
the cotton robes, and the deer hearts.
Seventh, the town where they were waterbound for fifteen days.
Eighth, the mountain on the point of which the Indians had con-
gregated, and where they gave the Spaniards a large quantity of


Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 3, July 1899 - April, 1900. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed December 25, 2014.