300 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
THE ALAMO MONUMENT.
c. W. RAINES.
"The government of the State of Texas has never secured or
preserved but one memento of the Alamo. A small but finely exe-
cuted monument was made from the stones of the fortress in 1841
by an artist named Nangle, and after lying long neglected it was
purchased by the State. It now stands in the hall of the capitol
at Austin; but neither at the Alamo itself, nor at the forgotten
grave of its defenders, does any legend or device, like the stones
of Thermopylae, remind the stranger of those who died for their
In the conflagration of the capitol on November 9, 1881, per-
ished wholly or in part the State library and many valuable docu-
ments and relics. A fragment only of the Alamo monument was
saved from the ruins. Fortunately, however, that fragment has
on its sides, unobscured and perfectly legible, all the heroic inscrip-
tions. It is now kept with the historical relics in the State
On the evacuation of San Antonio by the Mexicans in May,
1936, the Alamo was dismantled and many of the stones from its
walls were scattered over the adjoining plaza, thus affording the
material for the monument.
I think it proper to state here, though somewhat anticipating
the documentary evidence, that two men wrought in the construc-
tion of the monument, one Nangle, a lapidary, and Joseph Cox,
On the next page is a reproduction of a lithographic view2 of the
'R. M. Potter, July 30, 1860, in Temas Almanac, 1868.
2Under date of July 7, 1874, at Fort Wood, N. Y., Captain R. M. Potter,
in correspondence with William Steele, adjutant general of the State of
Texas, relative to the Alamo Monument, said that the owner, to expedite its
sale to the State, published a print of the monument fifteen or twenty years
before. In another letter from Potter to Steele a few days later was sent
a print of a lithograph of the monument with a list of the names of the
Alamo dead and a minute description of the monument probably made in
San Antonio by Nangle the artist. Mr. Baker may have borrowed this
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 6, July 1902 - April, 1903. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101028/. Accessed August 31, 2014.