Bonilla's Brief Compendium.
A BRIEF COMPENDIUM OF THE EVENTS WHICH HAVE
OCCURRED IN THE PROVINCE OF TEXAS
FROM ITS CONQUEST, OR REDUCTION,
TO THE PRESENT DATE.1
BY LIEUTENANT OF INFANTRY DON ANTONIO BONILLA.
MEXICO, NOVEMBER 10, 1772.
[Compendium of all the events which have occurred in the Prov-
ince of Texas from its conquest, or reduction, to the present date.]2
Compiled from royal cedulas and orders which I have seen in the
Secretaria de Camara of this viceroyalty, and from the bulky vol-
umes (quadernos) of reports which are in the Government Office
of Don Joseph Gorraez, which likewise I have examined freely.
[Brief Description of the Province.]
The Province of Texas, or Nuevas Filipinas, is worthy of the
closest attention, equally because of its extensive, rich, and very
fertile lands, and of the immense number of warlike nations of
heathen Indians who infest it and who may work its ruin and deso-
At the Medina River, where the government of Coaguila ends,
that of Texas begins; it ends at the Presidio4 of Nuestra Sefiora
del Pilar de los Adaes. Its length from south to north is estimated
'Breve Compendio de los sucesos 6curridos en la Provincia de Texas
desde su conquista, 6 reducion hasta la fecha. Por el Teniente de In fan-
teria dn. Antonio Bonilla. Mexico 10. de Noviembre de 1772. Found in
A on the title page; in M, in substantially the same form, on the first
page, just before the text.
'Compendio de todas las novedades occurids. en la Provincia de Texas
desde su conquista, 6 reduccn. hasta el dia de la fha. Found in A on p. 1,
just before the text.
'Autos, in the sense of judicial decisions. When used with reference to
a decree, or order, the word auto is retained in this translation.
'English fort, or post. The word presidio is retained when it refers to
a Spanish fort, but is translated when it refers to a French fort.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed July 22, 2014.