10 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
as two hundred and forty leagues, and its width from east to west1
as eighty. To the southeast it borders on the Seno Mexicano [Gulf
of Mexico], and to the east-northeast on Luisiana.
All the country is level. It is crossed by twenty-seven rivers and
very deep creeks (arroyos) which in their freshets and overflows
form many small sreams2 and lakes.
The rivers abound in fish, and the forests in large and leafy trees,
some bearing savory chestnuts,3 nuts, persimmons,4 and mulberries;
and likewise in buffalo, deer, bears, rabbits, partridges, and other
[Present State of Settlement of the Province.]
This very spacious region contains the Presidio of San Antonio
de Vexar, eight leagues5 distant from the Medina River, and three
hundred and seventy from this capital.5 I has a garrison composed
of a captain, a lieutenant, an alfirez,6 a sergeant, two corporals
and thirty-nine soldiers.' Under its protection are the Villa
x"From the west to the Seno Mexicano [Gulf of Mexico]" (Test., Sec.
2Esteros, here used in reference to a stream produced by an overflow,
and disappearing at its subsidence.
"A has at this point estraias, M, entranas, either of which is hard to
fit into the connection. The Testimonio has casttaas. Bonilla had no
first-hand knowledge of Texas, and was influenced by the Testimonio, as
has already been remarked. Gasttaas, therefore, is no doubt the true
reading, incorrectly copied by the scribe.
4Nisperos. In Lopes and Bensley, Nuevo Dicoionario, nispero is ren-
dered medlar (mespitus germanica). In Spanish North America, it has
the meaning given in the translation.
'The Testimonio (Sec. 19) speaks of this presidio as being six leagues
within the province and seventy from San Juan Bautista. The estimates
of the length and width are the same in the two documents.
'A cavalry officer, according to the Diccionario Enciclopddico de la
Lengua Castellana, who, in the absence of the lieutenant or of the captain,
takes command of the company. He formerly had the additional duty of
a standard bearer.
7A captain and forty-three soldiers (plazas), (Test., Sec. 19).
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed March 10, 2014.