12 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
At present, therefore, the the province contains four presidios,
one villa, and eleven missions, and has assigned for its defense
one hundred and sixty1 effective troops, including nine officers,
whose salary and stipend amount to eighty-eight thousand and
ninety-six pesos a year.
[Circumstances which led to the Discovery and Reduction of the
In a letter of December 31, 1686, His Excellency the Viceroy,
Conde de Monclova, gave to His Majesty, in connection with a state-
ment that Frenchmen had established themselves on the Bay of
Espiritu Santo, an account of having ordered the making of two
pirogues, which were to go out of Vera Cruz, on the twenty-fifth
day of the same [month], to make an investigation of this [matter].
This precautionary measure was approved in royal cedula2 of April
nineteenth of the following year, 1687.
The suspicions were not groundless, inasmuch as Roberto Cavalier
de la Sala, a native of Ruan [Rouen], at the time (siendo) a citizen
of Canada, had undertaken the discovery of the -Misisipi River.
When, in the year 1684, he took two Indian chiefs (principales) to
Paris, and presented the map3 and description of the said river to
'One hundred and seventy (M). In neither M nor A do the figures for
the total of the plazas efectivas agree with that obtained by adding the
separate lists, as will be seen from the following comparison:
Officers. Soldiers. Total.
A M A M A M
27 21 148 176 169
Deducting the number at Orcoquisac
as possibly duplicated in the San 24 18 123 147 141
"The c6dula real is a decree issued by the king personally; the terms
decreto [decree] or orden [order] have a somewhat broader application.
The c6dula real is headed "El Riy," is signed by the king personally, and
by the secretary of the appropriate tribunal. The rubrics of several min-
isters are placed below the secretary's name.
"Bonilla probably refers here to the Franquelin map of 1684. Thomassy
(Cartographie de la Louisiane, p. 2) speaks of this map as being intended
to give expression to the geographical knowledge gained in La Salle's
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed July 2, 2015.