18 Texas Historical Association Quarterly
the twenty-seventh of May, 1690,1 he issued his royal cedula which
ordered that His Excellency the Conde de Galve should put this work
of conversion (estas conversions) into the charge of the religious
of San Francisco, that some should go from the College of the Holy
Cross of Queretaro, and that, in order not to burden the royal treas-
ury, there should be discussed and sought out some ways of meeting
the expenses.2 In another royal cedula of the twelfth of November,
1692, His Majesty ordered that a new exploration be made, by sea
For the land expedition Don Domingo Teran de los Rios was com-
missioned, being appointed governor of Coaguila and Texas, with a
salary of two thousand and five hundred pesos a year, and being
given the proper instructions. He took in his company fifty sol-
diers, fourteen Franciscan religious-seven [of them] lay-brothers,
[the rest] priests.'
had seen that woman, as had also the other old people. From this it is
easily to be seen that they referred to the Madre Maria de Jesus de
Agreda, who was very frequently in those regions, as she herself acknowl-
edged to the Father Custodian of New Mexico, her last visit having been
made in 1631. . . ." See also Rev. E. J. P. Schmitt's article in THE
QUARTERLY, I 121-124.
1Besides this, the Testimonio (See. 25) mentions another royal cddula
of September 20, 1690.
'The Testimonio sums up the contents of the oedulas of May 27th and
September 20th in the words, "His Majesty ordered . . . that the
pacification and reduction of that province be pressed, as [being] so im-
portant toward the safekeeping of the rest of these dominions."
aThe Testimonio (Sec. 25) mentions the expedition of Terdn just after
speaking of the two eddulas (May 27th and September 20th), and then
adds, "which was approved afterward in royal cddula of the thirtieth of
December, 1692, ordering that the said conversions be continued with all
4The enumeration, catorce Religiosos Franciscanos Sacerdotes y siete
legos, may mean "fourteen Franciscan religious [who were] priests, and
seven lay-brothers besides. The Testimonio makes the same enumeration
as the Breve Compendio. Manzanet, however, in the Diario que hicieron
los Padres Misioneros que principia en 16 de Mayo, y y [sic] finaliza en
2 de Agto. de 1691 (Memorias XXVII, fols. 87-112), mentions by name
nine Quer6taran priests besides himself, three lay-brothers, and one boy,
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed July 14, 2014.