TEXAS STATE HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION
VOL. VIII. JANUARY, 1905. No. 3.
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views
expressed by contributors to THE QUARTERLY.
DE LEON'S EXPEDITION OF 1689.
An annotated translation.
ELIZABETH HOWARD WEST.
Before the late years of the seventeenth century, what we now
know as Texas was still unoccupied by Europeans, and, in fact,
had not even a name of its own on the map. Its coast had been
explored, notably by Pineda in his voyage of 1519; its interior had
been traversed by Cabeza de Vaca in his famous wanderings of
1528-1536; it had been entered, perhaps, by the survivors of De
Soto's expedition and by Coronado; it had been included in
Garay's short-lived province of Amichel;' and it had been some-
times considered a part of Florida.2 All that had been achieved,
however, was a strengthening of Spain's claim to this part of the
The story of the French encroachment which aroused Spain to
the need of occupying these long neglected regions is too well
known to require more than a passing mention. After gaining
'See Shea, Ancient Florida, in Winsor, A Narrative and Critical History
of America, II chap. IV; also Harrisse, The Discovery of America, 163-
2See note 3, page 219.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed April 18, 2015.