20 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
brought very heavy snows and overflows of rivers,1 threw the minds
of all into consternation; and Governor Teran returned by sea to
Vera Cruz from the Bay of Espiritu Santo, or San Bernardo, leav-
ing in charge of [the mission] fifteen religious2 and one corporal."
The only thing accomplished by this entrada was the discovery
that the Cadodachos4 River was navigable; for, although the
religious devoted themselves to founding the missions, these were
of very short duration, because of the failure of crops, the death
of stock, and the disaffection (disgustos) of the Indians, who
stoutly held (acerimos en seguir) to their superstitions, believing
that the water of baptism caused them to die.5 To the foregoing
[reasons] were added the [facts] that the soldiers caused them
[the Indians] many vexations, and that, as a result of the whole
[situation], threats had been made against the religious. Dread-
ing death at the hands of the Indians, they left the country in the
year 1693,6 abandoning everything; and the diligent efforts (dili-
'The Descripoion gives a very vivid description of the suffering and the
hardships Teran's party experienced on account of the terrible weather of
the winter of 1691-'2.
2Religiosos Misioneros (M).
'The Testimonio omits all mention of the circumstances noted in this
paragraph. The Historia (Sec. 9) gives the same enumeration of troops
as does the Breve Comrpendio.
'Candadachos (Test., Sec. 26). For an account of the soundings taken
in this river, see the Descripcion, November 29- December 4.
"Possibly there was an epidemic of fever. The Diario, under date of
June 18, and August 2, speaks of the great number of deaths among the
Tejas Indians during the past year. Father Fortcuberta, too, had died, in
February, 1691, of fever.
""When the governor was gone, some soldiers were killed. There was
disobedience, disorder, and libertinism among the soldiers, who disgusted
the Indians by their conduct and excesses, and rendered the efforts of the
missionaries useless." Discouraged at this state of things, fearing an-
other French invasion, and despairing of aid from Mexico, the mission-
aries buried the bells and what could not be carried with them, and aban-
doned the country, in October, 1693 (Hist., Sec. 10).
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed August 3, 2015.