Bonilla's Brief Compendium.
San Denis was given the title of conductor de viveres' with an equal
salary (assignacion). Four hundred pesos were assigned to each
of the twenty-five soldiers. This small body (numero) of troops,
with their commandant and conductor, five missionary religious
from the College of the Holy Cross of Queretaro, four from the
[College] of Zacatecas, and three lay-brothers,' set out from the
Presidio of San Juan Bautista del Rio Grande del Norte on the
twenty-fourth3 day of April in the year seventeen hundred and six-
teen. On the eighteenth of June following they came to the river
which they named Corpus Christi, not very far from the village
(poblacion) of the Texas.
There they were received by the Indians with unspeakable kind-
ness and special demonstrations of good faith (sincero animo). Ac-
companied by these and by other new friends who had joined them
from time to time, they continued their march.
The conductor, Don Luis de San Denis, had gone ahead to let the
chief of the Texas know about the entrance (entrada) of the Span-
ish into his territory. He accomplished the mission very quickly.
Having sent a son of the leader, Domingo Ramon, to carry back news
1The nearest English equivalent is commissary. Saint-Denis, however,
was more than a mere commissary. He was really in charge of the ex-
pedition, though Ram6n was the official head.
The Derrotero para los Misiones de los Presidios Ynternos ( Memorias,
XXVII, fols. 135-159) calls him cabo comboyador.
2"Some missionaries and all else necessary to re-establish the missions
in Texas" (Test., Sec. 28). In the other enumerations, the Testimonio
agrees with the Breve Compendio.
The Historia (Sec. 13) mentions by name five religious from Queretaro,
and states that their number was increased by other religious who joined
them at San Juan Bautista.
The Derrotero names nine religious, without distinction of college.
The permission to establish the Apostolic College of Zacatecas, it will
be remembered, was granted by the King of Spain in 1704. See note 2,
825th and 26th (Historia, Sec. 14). According to the Derrotero, Ram6n
came on the 18th to the vicinity of the Presidio of San Juan on his
march from Saltillo. He stayed in camp near the presidio the next day.
On the 20th, he marched two leagues east, taking the stock across the
Rio Grande. There, Ramon says, he was delayed four days. He states,
however, that he began his march from the Rio Grande on the 27th.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed December 18, 2013.