Bonilla's Brief Compendium.
proposed to undertake at his own cost a campaign against them;
but under the express condition that Governor Orobio should have
no part in it further than to place at his disposal the auxiliaries
for which he should ask. His request [for permission to undertake
the campaign. was granted. The result was that, after multiplied
hardships and frequent reports, he irritated the enemy more. He
also discovered a main range of mountains, which stretches oppo-
site the said presidio, and passes along the banks of the Guadalupe
River toward the Apache country (Apacheria), with no other place
of entrance, because of its impassable roughness, than a narrow
pass, which facilitates the ingress of the Indians. Yet, after all,
he claimed that the fruit of his vigilance should be rewarded by
the addition of a hundred men to the forty [-four] of whom the
garrison of his presidio was composed, thus assuring the re-estab-
lishment and good order of the province.
It is true that by the common agreement of all intelligent persons
of former and present times, it is in [the Presidio of] *San Anto-
nio* de Vexar that the troops are needed, [and] not in that of los
Adaes or La Bahia dcl Espiritu Santo; for, while the former has
always experienced the cruelty of the Apache nation, the latter
have enjoyed the greatest tranquillity. The reasons for this notable
difference, however, I shall bring to view when I come to treat
of the revistas and plans of His Excellency the Marques de Ruby.
[Government ad interim of Don Thomas Phelipe Winthuisen.]
Don Thomas Felipe Wintuisen succeeded Orobio ad interim; he
governed two years and a half, beginning in the year 1741, without
the occurrence of any noteworthy events except that the Apaches
with their craftiness kept stealing the droves of horses, and scalp-
ing the soldiers and citizens who, through carelessness or overmuch
confidence, fell into their treacherous hands.
In this term Urrutia again urged that he be permitted to go out
on a campaign against the Apaches, or that, in default of this, a
presidio be erected on the banks of the Guadalupe River; both
propositions, however, were rejected, and he was urged to stand
on the defensive. In the year 1743 was had the first intelligence
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed May 18, 2013.