52 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
recruiting of the twenty-seven men was effected; and finally, Pa-
rilla, accompanied by the missionary religious and part of the troops
of his command, was transferred to the San Savis River.
Before he arrived at his destination, which was on the 17th of
April, 1757, he received information that that point was not suit-
able for the projected establishment; but when the site had been
minutely examined, the presidio was erected, and, at the distance
of a league and a half, a mission-without Indians, because the
Apaches, after having worn away the time with vain promises, de-
clared themselves openly, saying that they had no desire to become
subjects or bind themselves to citizenship and fixed residence in
missions; and that it was more agreeable to them to live in their
wandering fashion, continuing in mutual good-will and friendship
with the Spaniards.
This occurrence might have caused much discouragement, since
it left illusory the great, costly preparations which had been made
with no other purpose than that of the Apaches' conversion-held
so certain that already the delay in the measures had been blamed
in dolorous exclamations and lamentations that so many souls
steeped in heathenism were being lost. Yet there was continuous
protest that once the erection of the presidio had been decided upon,
it was necessary to carry it through, because if it were abandoned
occasion might be given for the savages, attributing this action to
discouragement or cowardice, to despise our arms; that it would
be expedient, however, to better the situation of the said presidio,
by bringing it nearer to that of San Antonio de Vexar, in order
to facilitate prompt aid in case the Indians should attempt to be-
siege it. Among other arguments, which I omit, so as not to
make this paper too diffuse, was added [the statement] that under
the generic name Apache thirteen nations inhabited that part of
the North, with the family names of Ypandis, Natajes, Mescal-
eros, etc., and so numerous that they amounted all told to about
one hundred thousand persons.1
These matters were being discussed in the Superior Govern-
ment, when the news came that the Comanche Indians, the Tua-
canes, Taovayases, Vidais, Queisseis, and others, to the number
of two thousand, had attacked the Presidio of San Sabas. The
1M has almas.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed November 29, 2015.