60 Texas Historical Association Quarterly.
dent] considerations, and safe expedients, on the practice of which
depends the good fortune of those unhappy provinces.
When he comes to treat of the [affairs] of Coaguila and Texas,
he describes with inimitable accuracy the perfidious, brutal char-
acter of the horribly vile Lipan Apache nation. After setting
forth the very grave perils which, under cover of pretended peace,
they have caused in the territories of both jurisdictions,' he shows
that the ill-timed mercy displayed in protecting these domestic
enemies, has furnished the reason why the irreconcilable hatred
with which the innumerable nations of the north regard the
Apaches is causing trouble on our frontiers.
How well, therefore, he sets forth in detail the way to put an
end to his evils !2 He proposes, then, that the false promises of
friendship be disregarded, and that cruel war be waged against
the Apaches, so that, driven to extremities by the arms of the King,
or by those of their enemies, the Northern [Indians], they may
see themselves under the strait necessity of submitting themselves
to the law which it is desired to put over them, and may [thus]
realize if they are capable of it, the kindnesses which up to the
present they have spurned.
From this proposal alone one may judge of the strength, intelli-
gence, circumspection, and insight, with which His Excellency the
Marques de Ruby framed all those which are embraced in his very
judicious plan. Even yet, however, the second point of the said
proposal is undecided, the gist of which is that the Apaches be not
admitted to the shelter of our missions and presidios, if they are
conquered; that they be divided and transferred to the interior of
this kingdom; in a word, that this detestable nation be extermi-
All who have treated of the nations inhabiting the spacious re-
gions of the North, agree in testifying to their good disposition,
and His Excellency the -Marques is of the same opinion. They
had not dared to attack the dominions of our sovereign until the
Apaches had with infamous treachery forced them to leave their
lands; [and then only] to take just revenge on those common ene-
1Coahuila and Texas.
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed January 30, 2015.