The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905

66 Tewas Historical Association Quarterly.
4th. That the friendly Indians be established in villages
(pueblos) under the protection of the presidio and mission.
5th. That a campaign be made against the Apaches, with the
aid of the Northern nations, whom Demeciers offers to equip with
munitions of war, provided that they be maintained at his Majesty's
expense, and that the captives they have taken be ransomed. The
governor adds that if this permission is granted he will set out with
two hundred men, to attack the enemy in another quarter.
6th. That the said Indians of the North be allowed to trade for
guns, powder, and balls.
EXTRACT FROM THE REPORT OF CAPTAIN DON ATANACIO DEMECIERS.
In the preface he proposes as a result of the investigations which
he has just made in the territories inhabited by the nations of
the North, to give information about those countries, about the
characteristics of the Indians, about their number, wars, alliances,
commerce, and the way in which he considers it necessary to as-
sure the peace and tranquillity of the province.
The nations are called Quitsies, Yscanis, Tuacanas, Tancagues,
Yacovanes, Macheyes, Xaramanes, Ovedsitas, Taovayases, Coman-
ches, Osages, and Vidais.
He says that the Quitsies are twenty families, composed of eighty
men, for the most part young; that they are in alliance with the
Cadodachos [and Texas] and are irreconcilable enemies of the
Osages and Apaches; that the women cultivate the fields, build tie
houses, and tan the hides; that the men devote themselves wholly
to war and the chase; that they trade in buffalo and deer skins, in
exchange for guns, powder, and balls; that they are ministered
to from the Presidio of Nachitoches, by order of his Excellency
the Conde de Oreylli; that they are not very friendly to the En-
glish; that they are the ones who have shown the least hostility
on our frontiers; that they live in a regular village (pueblo for-
mado), from which they absent' themselves in cold weather and
that they are full of superstition.
That the Yscanes are only sixty men, and that in their customs
and in other respects they are like the Queitseis, the only difference
being that they are divided into numerous little rancherias.

lA, se ausentan; M. se aumentan.

Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed June 29, 2015.