Bonilla's Brief Compendium.
That the Tuacanes occupy two settlements, the one composed of a
hundred and twenty men, the other of thirty families; that these
Indians, the Yscanes, Ovedsitas, and Taovayases, are considered as
one and the same nation; that all solicit the establishment of the
proposed presidio in their country to submit their differences to
those in charge of it; and that the second of these settlements ap-
pears to him very well adapted to the erection of the stronghold.
That the Tancagues, Yacovanes, and Macheyes have an alliance
with the preceding [tribes], but are despised as vagabonds; [that
they are] inclined to thievery, and fickle in their promises; and
that they are apostates from the Mission of San Xavier.
That the Xaramanes are likewise apostates-from the mission
of Espiritu Santo; that their number is reduced to forty-six men;
and that they have done much injury through their relations (cono-
cimiento) with our territories.
That the Ovedsitas and Taovayases nations are composed of six
hundred' men; that they live in villages; that they have a religion;
that they observe its rites; that they acknowledge the Creator;
that they believe there is an eternity, reward for the good, and
punishment for the evil; that in their territories are found the
cannon which [Colonel] Don Diego Ortiz Parilla abandoned, when
he made a formal expedition against the Indians; that they solicit
with anxiety the establishment of the proposed presidio and that
in the said lands there is abundance of very choice salt and min-
That the Comanche nation has a great many people, and that
they are divided into small divisions (quad'rillas); that they live
scattered about and in nomad fashion; that they recognize as their
superiors the Taovayases and Tuacanas; that he considers their
reduction easy, if they are brought into fixed habitations (pueblos
fixos) and are given farming implements in exchange for their
He sets forth in detail the good characteristics of the Indians,
and gives assurance of the advantages which will accrue if their
conversion is brought about.
He states that all the requests of the above-mentioned Indians
Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed May 2, 2016.