The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905

Bonilla's Brief Compendium.

and lieutenant acting as captain of grenadiers. He entered upon
the government in the beginning of seventeen hundred and thirty-
four, and resided most of the time in the Presidio of San Antonio
de Vexar, according to the order of His Excellency the Viceroy,
Marques de Cassafuertte, the better to resist the frequent hostilities
of the intrepid barbarian Apaches.
As early as the year seventeen hundred and sixteen the French
had placed their post of Nachittoos on this side the Colorado [Red]
River on an island formed only when an arm of the river over-
flows. On this side the arm the French had also from the begin-
ning some houses, ranches, orchards, and crops, and a corral for
the drove of horses belonging to the commandant, Don Luis de
Sandenis. Their possessions extended to the Arroyo Hondo and
to the place called la Gran Montafia, which divides in half the
seven leagues between the Presidios of Adays and Nachittoos. Be-
cause the island became marshy and subject to inundation, or be-
cause [they were actuated] by other purposes and motives, the
French began, toward the close of seventeen hundred and thirty-
five, to change their post to the site occupied before by a house be-
longing to one of the Frenchmen, a musket-shot from the island,
according to the witnesses, or a third of a league, according to the
same French commandant, [as he states] in his official replies
which are extant in autos.
The French carried on the removal energetically, saying that it
was by order of the court of Paris given to the governor of Lui-
ciana, Don Juan Baupttistta Biembille. Sandoval was at that time
in the Presidio of San Antonio de Vejar, two hundred and forty
leagues this side of the frontier of los Adays. He had there as his
substitute in command (theniente general) the subaltern (alferez)
Don Joseph Gonzales, who in a letter of November 12 of the year
already mentioned [1735], advised him of all the occurrences nar-
rated above. Sandoval answered that he must oppose the removal,
making the demand three times of the French commandant,
Sandenis, to whom he sent a letter [through Gonzales] in regard to
the matter. The demands and the replies kept on till the last of
August, seventeen hundred and thirty-six.
Sandoval had no documents bearing on these boundaries, and the
preceding expeditions already mentioned, and so he argued, only
upon the basis of verbal statements, that Alonzo de Leon, I)on
Domingo Theran, and Domingo Ramon had preceded the French
in the occupation of that country; that since then and ever after
the Colorado [Red] River had been held as the dividing line be-
tween the two crowns, that of Spain possessing all on this side, as
had been verified in some express occurrences; that in case of any
doubt account ought to be given to the sovereigns. Pending their

Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 8, July 1904 - April, 1905. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101033/. Accessed August 23, 2014.