The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907

Texas Historical Association Quarterly.

THE SEAT OF GOVERNMENT OF TEXAS.
ERNEST WILLIAM WINKLER.
I. TEMPORARY LOCATION OF THE SEAT OF GOV-
ERNMENT.
1. SAN FELIPE.
(1) Seat of Austin's Colony.
On his way home from the City of Mexico, after having secured a
final confirmation of the colonization grant made to his father,
Stephen F. Austin called on Governor Don Luciano Garcia at Bexar
and informed him of his success. The governor thereupon gave the
name of San Felipe de Austin to the town which was to be laid off
for the capital of the new colony (July 26, 1823).1 Baron de Bas-
trop, commissioner on the part of the government, accompanied
Austin from Bexar to survey lands and in union with Austin to
issue titles to the settlers. The settlement was found in such dis-
organized condition, owing to the long absence of Austin, that Bas-
trop thought it advisable to postpone his work until the next year,
when he revisited the colony. San Felipe was founded in 1824,
and thenceforth figured as the capital of Austin's colony.a
Located most charmingly on a high prairie bluff on the west
bank of the Brazos river, at the head of navigation, it was never-
theless in the very heart of the wilderness and could lay claim to
none of the advantages, comforts, or other amenities of civilization
associated today with the name of even the smallest village. For
many years there was no post office, no school, no church, and the
stores, shops and taverns were small and their supplies scanty.
What gave importance to the place was the fact that here the public
business of the colony was transacted--the laws promulgated, jus-
tice administered, land titles issued, and the public safety main-
tained.

'Gammel, Laws of Texas, I 13, 34.
"Holley, Texas, 109.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, Volume 10, July 1906 - April, 1907. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101040/. Accessed July 23, 2014.