The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913

The Southwestern Historical Quarterly

REVIEWS AND NOTICES
American Colonial Government, 1696-1765. A Study of the Brit-
ish Board of Trade in its Relation to the American Colonies-
Political, Industrial, Administrative. By Oliver Morton Dick-
erson, Ph. D. (Cleveland: The Arthur H. Clark Company.
1912. Pp. 366.)
The Relations of Pennsylvania with the British Government, 1696-
1765. By Winfred Trexler Root, Ph. D. (New York: Publi-
cations of the University of Pennsylvania, D. Appleton and
Company, Agents, 1912. Pp. iv, 396.)
It is only within the last twenty years that scholars have begun
to study the American colonies as parts of a great empire and to
examine from that point of view their relations to the economic
and administrative system of Great Britain. In this field Osgood,
Andrews, and Beer have been the pioneers, but most of their work
has been confined to the seventeenth century. The highly impor-
tant period from the establishment of the Board of Trade in 1696
to the Revolution has been traversed only by the occasional mono-
graph and yet awaits comprehensive treatment. 'The two books
here reviewed are the most important recent contributions to this
hitherto neglected division of the subject.
In his American Colonial Government Professor Dickerson gives
us the first adequate account of that very important subject, the
British Board of Trade, which has been neglected hitherto largely
because its importance has not been fully appreciated. Here at
last is presented a careful and somewhat detailed account of the
organization, nature, and personnel of the Board, its relations to
the other organs of the British government, and its relations to
the colonies.
The chief duties of the, Board were the care and fostering of
English trade in general and the supervision of colonial admin-
istration to that end. But it was never able to. fulfill all the
purposes of its creation. Subordinated on the one side to the
Privy Council, on the other to the secretary of state for the south-
ern department and excluded from direct control over the enforce-
ment of the Acts of Trade, after a few years of efficiency it passed

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/. Accessed July 25, 2014.