The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913

Reviews and Notices

the diction is often careless. Perhaps it is this carelessness that
leads the author to say (p. 43) that by 1765 the colonies had
"autonomous governments with parliaments of their own co-ordinate
with the British Parliament," a statement which is contradicted
on pages 202, 311, and 395, where it is variously explained that
the Parliament was legally supreme "over both realm and colonies."
There is much to praise and little to, find fault with in this
volume. Dr. Root has searched widely through the sources with
the utmost care, and he has made a solid and notable contribution
to little known period. CHAS. W. RAVSDELL.
An Artillery Officer in the Mexican War, 1846-7. Letters of
Robert Anderson, Captain 3d Artillery, U. S. A. With a Pref-
atory Word by his daughter, Eba Anderson Lawton. (New
York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1911. Pp. xvi, 339.)
This is a volume of the letters of Captain Robert Anderson to
his wife. The first letter is dated at Fort Brook, Florida,
December 28, 1846, and the last from Mexico City, October
28, 1847. The writer participated in the capture of Vera Cruz,
the battle of Cerro Gordo, and the battle of Molino del Rey,
and was with the army at the battle of Churubusco, but was kept
out of that engagement by a severe attack of malaria. He was
disabled in the battle of Molino del Rey, and was invalided home
in October. Covering as they do. practically the whole of the
southern campaign, one expects these letters to cast valuable side
lights on General Scott's invasion of Mexico, but the expectation
is disappointed. They are interesting human documents, and in-
spire abundant respect for the character of the writer; they occa-
sionally contain excellent descriptions of the towns along the route
from Vera Cruz to Mexico; but they are singularly devoid of ma-
terial for the historian. 'The reason for this is partly explained
by the writer: "The newspapers give you so regularly and con-
stantly the last news from the Army, that it is hardly worth while
for me to, chronicle events as they transpire, or to detail rumors
as they fly." Again, "I, from my position, am debarred from all
knowledge of the secret plans (if they have any) of our Com-
manders." Trist is mentioned in several of the letters, but never
a word is said of his relations with General Scott. Captain An-

217

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/. Accessed July 11, 2014.