VOL. XVI* JULY, 1912 No. 1
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY.
THE SPANISH OCCUPATION OF TEXAS, 1519-1690
HERBERT E. BOLTON
For a century and a half before they made definite attempts
to occupy the region now called Texas the Spaniards gradually
explored it, proceeding step by step from the borders toward the
interior, and slowly formed ideas concerning its geography and its
suitability for settlement. Viewed in this light, the final occupa-
tion of Texas at the end of the seventeenth century was by no
means the sudden event, brought about by the chance settlement
of the French on the Gulf coast, which it was once thought to be.
Though it is not commonly known, Texas had its share in the
romance, and myth, and fable which everywhere attended the Span-
ish conquest in America. In Florida the Spaniards sought the
Fountain of Youth; in South America the Gilded Man (El Do-
rado); on the west coast of Mexico the Isle of the Amazons; in
Arizona and New Mexico the Seven Cities of Cibola; on the Cali-
fornia coast the Strait of Anian.1 Likewise, in Texas they searched
for the Kingdom of Gran Quivira, where "everyone had their
ordinary dishes made of wrought plate, and the jugs and bowls
*Volumes I-XV published as THE QUARTERLY of the Texas State Histor-
'Bandelier, The Gilded Man, passim.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 16, July 1912 - April, 1913. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101058/. Accessed December 5, 2013.