The Apache Mission on the San Sabd River
THE APACHE MISSION ON THE SAN SABA RIVER; ITS
FOUNDING AND FAILURE'
WILLIAM EDWARD DUNN
Attention has often been called to the varying degrees of suc-
cess which attended the efforts of Spain to convert and civilize the
Indian tribes of her northern frontier in, New Spain, and it is
well known that the causes for the comparative failure of the
mission system in Texas may be traced in large part to the obsti-
nate nature of the savages of that province. The share of the
Apache Indians in this failure, however, has not until recently
been adequately recognized, and only the barest outlines of the
relations between the Apaches and the Spaniards in Texas have
been known. The history of such relations falls roughly into three
divisions: first, a period of mutual hostility, characterized by in-
numerable raids on the part of the Indians and retaliation by the
Spaniards, from 1689 to 1750; second, a period of ostensible
friendship and alliance, culminating in the establishment of mis-
sions for the Apaches, from 1750 to 1770; third, a return to open
hostility, from about 1770 to the end of the Spanish regime. In
a previous paper,2 the writer has attempted to throw some light
upon the events of the first period. The present paper deals with
the second period, and traces the history of the Apache mission
on the San Saba River from its founding to its destruction.3
II. APACE RELATIONS BEFORE 1750
The hatred of the Apaches for the Spaniards dated from the
beginning of the occupation of Texas in 1689. The first center
'This paper was read before the Fortnightly Club of the University of
Texas at the meeting of October 23, 1913.
2Apache Relations in Texas, 1718-1750," in THE QUARTERLY, XIV.
'This study was made under the direction of Professor H. E. Bolton at
Leland Stanford, Junior, University during the session of 1911-1912. It
is based almost entirely upon the transcripts of original documents in the
archives of Mexico collected by Dr. Bolton. The full titles of these docu-
mnents will be given in the bibliography to be published at the conclusion
of the whole study.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 17, July 1913 - April, 1914. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101061/. Accessed March 12, 2014.