Book Reviews and Notices
BOOK REVIEWS AND NOTICES
The United States and Mexico, 1821-1848. A History of the
Relations between the Two Countries from the Independence
of Mexico to the Close of the War with the United States.
By George Lockhart Rives. In two volumes. (N w York:
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1913. Pp. x, 720; viii, 726.)1
For the purpose of this review these dignified volumes may
be considered under four topics: (1) the political history of
Mexico, 1821-1848; (2) the revolution and subsequent annexa-
tion of Texas; (3) the diplomatic history of the period; and (4)
the political and military history of the Mexican War. Source
material for all except the first of those topics has been published
in unusual fullness in numerous congressional documents, and
thanks to the Mexican habit of including liberal documentary ap-
pendices in their histories this has been considerably supplemented
from the other side; Reeves2 and Adams" have traced the intricate
diplomacy of the period through the archives of the United States,
England (with a glimpse into France), and the republic of Texas;
Dr. Smith4 has studied with extraordinary minuteness the wide
ramifications of Texan annexation; and during the past fifteen
years a host of unpretentious monographs have appeared on various
phases of the subject. Obviously the opportunity for an original
contribution to the field lay in the exploitation of the Mexican
archives. Mr. Rives has used those of the foreign office to. good
effect, but other departmental archives have been neglected, al-
though those of guerra y marina might be expected to shed a good
deal of light on the military history of the war. No important
printed material has escaped his survey, and he has tracked Reeves
and Adams through the American and British collections, gleaning
here and there a new item or a new point of view. In the assimila-
'This review is reprinted from the Mississippi Valley Historical Re-
view, June, 1914.
"Reeves, J. S., American Diplomacy under Tyler and Polk. Baltimore.
3Adams, E. D., British Interests and Activities in Texas, 1838-1816.
'Smith, J. IH., The Annexation of Texas. New York. 1911.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 18, July 1914 - April, 1915. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101064/. Accessed September 15, 2014.