90 The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
might become ex-officio the governor of the province,7 and the
viceroy himself was ex-officio the governor of the province of Mexico
and chairman of the cabildo of Mexico City. Perhaps the dif-
ference between city government in the United States and city
government in the Latin countries may be expressed by the broad
statement that city government in the United States is a creation
of the state, while in Latin countries, traditionally at least, the city
government created the state.s The governments of Latin Ameri-
can cities were the lineal descendants of the government of the city
of Rome. The French influence had not yet reached them, al-
though that influence, together with other factors, had long since
killed municipal life and uprooted historic institutions in the cities
of the mother country, Spain."
'5:3:12-13, 1535 to 1627.
8This is illustrated by the histories of Vera Cruz, Caracas, or Buenos
"Danvila, El Poder Civil En Espa~ia.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 19, July 1915 - April, 1916. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101067/. Accessed November 28, 2015.