The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917

British Correspondence Concerning Texas

BRITISH CORRESPONDENCE CONCERNING TEXAS
XXII
EDITED BY EPHRAIM DOUGLASS ADAMS
ELLIOT TO ABERDEEN1
No. 26. New York.
Augt 31. 1845
My Lord,
I have the honour to transmit herewith a statement of the
United States Naval force in various parts of the World, ex-
tracted from the Government paper of the 26th Instant.2 Intel-
ligence from Texas to the 30th Ultimo reports the temporary
Cantonment of an American force of 11 or 1200 Men on St
Joseph's Island (which faces the Coast between the Mouths of
the Aransas Stream and the "Nueces,") and from the various
accounts I have seen in the prints of this Country I should judge
that reinforcements to the extent of about 2,500 Men are now on
their way to the same destination, but the whole strength could
hardly be completely assembled in Western Texas before the 10th
of next Month, at the earliest.
I presume that St Joseph's Island has been selected for the
disembarkation of the troops in preference to Corpus Christi be-
cause the entrance at that Pass has the advantage of rather
more water, than that at Corpus Christi, (about a degree further
to the Westward) and probably also because the Coast at that
point is rather nearer to San Antonio de Bexar, where I conclude
it is intended to canton the troops and form the main depots,
upon the ground of it's situation with respect to the main routes
into the Country, and superior comparative healthiness. It should
be said that there will be considerable inconvenience and diffi-
culty in transporting the troops and Materiel rapidly from San
Josephs to the Coast in consequence of the Shallowness of the
Bay and the want of a sufficient number of light boats: And
if the rains set in as early as September as they have done of

1F. O. Texas, Vol. 13.
2Cutting from The Washington Union, August 26, 1845.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 20, July 1916 - April, 1917. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101070/. Accessed July 24, 2014.