The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XXI APRIL, 1918 No. 4
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE POWERS OF THE COMMANDER OF THE: CONFED-
ERATE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI DEPARTMENT,
1863-1865
II
FLORENCE ELIZABETH IIOLLADAY
5. Extraordinary Military Powers
We have seen that first the president and later Congress had
agreed to the establishment of the various war department bureaus
in the Trans-Mississippi and of other necessary agencies of the
government. It now remains to indicate General Smith's actual
relations of these bureaus in operation and his control over the
promotion and appointment of officers, the exchange of prisoners,
and the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus.
General Smith had established his headquarters at Shreveport,
Louisiana, because it afforded easy communication with the several
district headquarters and was sufficiently near the frontier lines
in both Arkansas and Louisiana. From this capital he issued or-
ders to subordinates, received their reports, and made his final de-
cisions on questions submitted to him much as did the president
and his cabinet officials at Richmond. From here on July 25,
1863, he issued a general order to the effect that, on account of
interruption of communication with the seat of government, all
officers and agents connected with the army on duty in the de-
partment and acting under orders from Richmond, would in future
receive their instructions from the department commander; and

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 21, July 1917 - April, 1918. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101073/. Accessed July 30, 2014.