The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VoL. XXIII OCTOBER, 1919 No. 2
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for etews expressed by
contributors to Tan QUATat.LY
JAMES W. FANNIN, JR., IN THE TEXAS REVOLUTION1
RUBY CUMBY SMITH
INTRODUCTORY
In the judgment of recent historians, the causes of the Texas
revolt from Mexico in 1835 were far less serious than people of
later times have supposed them to be. The general cause, like the
general cause of the American Revolution, was "a sudden effort
to extend imperial authority at the expense of local privilege."*
But underlying this was a mutual feeling of racial distrust, which
had given tone to all the relations between Mexico and Texas since
the foundation of the first American colony in Texas in 1821.
When in 1835, because of the sudden rise of military despotism
in Mexico, the Texans believed themselves at the point of becoming
"alien subjects" of an inferior race, they rose in revolt. Their
revolution passed through two distinct phases: (1) a defence of
the Mexican Republican Constitution of 1824, in an effort to se-
cure the cooperation of Mexican Liberals who opposed military
despotism; (2) a struggle for absolute independence.
The purpose of this paper will be to summarize the development
of events leading to the Texas Revolution,8 and then to study
somewhat in detail the career of one of its-military leaders, James
'This article is part of an M. A. thesis presented to the Graduate De-
partment of the University of Texas in June, 1919.
'Barker, "Public Opinion in Texas Preceding the Revolution," in
American Historical Association Report, 1911, 219-220.
'That part of the paper (Chapter I) reviewing the development of the
Revolution is omitted in this publication.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 23, July 1919 - April, 1920. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101075/. Accessed August 27, 2015.