The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XXIV JANUARY, 1921 No. 3
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibhty for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE LOUISIANA BACKGROUND OF THE COLONIZA-
TION OF TEXAS, 1763-1803
MATTIE AUSTIN HATCHER
By the Treaty of 1763 Spain secured possession of Louisiana;
and, almost immediately, she was besieged by English, Irish,
French, Dutch, German, and American colonizers who, anxious to,
secure lands, desired to introduce settlers into the rich but unde-
veloped region. This met with the hearty approval of Carlos III,
who, contrary to the usual custom of Spanish sovereigns, was so
eager to settle his new possessions that he permitted the entry of
Anglo-Saxons, most of whom, of course, were Protestants. He in-
tended, however, to have Irish priests instruct the new comers in
the faith professed by the Spanish nation. The only condition im-
posed upon them was that they should take the oath of allegiance
to Spain. In 1798 the natural distrust of the Spaniards for all
foreigners began to assert itself and more stringent immigration
laws were passed mainly for the purpose of keeping out the Amer-
icans and the English who were at war with Spain's ally, France.
But before this change in policy took place many foreigners had
settled in Louisiana, and, in time, many of them became ac-
customed to the Spanish laws and institutions. Hence it was that,
when Louisiana was sold to the United States in 1803, some of
these immigrants, desiring to follow the Spanish flag, moved across
the border into Texas where, being vassals of the king of Spain,
they were welcomed by the authorities who wished, by their aid,
to form a new barrier against the United States and to force the

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/. Accessed August 31, 2014.