The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921

THE

SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XXIV OCTOBER, 1920 No. 2
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed bl
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
MIRABEAU BUONAPARTE LAMAR
A. K. CHRISTIAN
CHAPTER V
THE SANTA FE EXPEDITION
Perhaps of all the things undertaken or accomplished by Lamar,.
the project of sending a mercantile expedition to Santa. Fe ac-
companied by a military aid has caused most adverse criticism.
Most historians have followed contemporaries, particularly Hous-
ton, and near contemporaries, as Yoakum, and are content to
refer to Lamar's scheme as visionary. As it was one of the poli-
cies that gripped him throughout his whole administration, and
as its failure has led to so much criticism, a full examination of
his purposes in sending such an expedition, and the obstacles con-
fronted by those who undertook it, is necessary.
It should be understood, in the beginning, that Texas claimed,
whether rightly or wrongly, all the territory to the east of the'
Rio Grande, and Santa F6 was about twelve miles east of that
river in New Mexico. Shortly after the constitutional govern-
ment was established in October, 1836, Stephen F. Austin, Texan
Secretary of State, in his instructions to William H. Wharton,
the envoy to the United States, said that as regarded boundary,
the question could not be settled at that time, but that Wharton
might explain to the Government of the United States that Texas-
claimed possession to the Rio Grande. He traced the boundary
as follows: Beginning at the mouth of said river on the Gulf of
Mexico, thence up the middle of the river, following its main

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 24, July 1920 - April, 1921. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101078/. Accessed April 16, 2014.