The Southwestern Historical Quarterly
BOOK REVIEWS AND NOTICES
The Conquest of the Old Southwest. The romantic story of the
early pioneers into Virginia, the Carolinas, Tennessee, and
Kentucky, 1740-1790. By Archibald Henderson, Ph. D.,
D. C. L. (New York; The Century Company, 1920. Pp.
xxiv, 395. $2.50.)
In this little book Mr. Henderson has put all students of the
early west under deep obligation to him. He has made definite
addition to our stock of information about the subject; he has
exhibited his material in a new perspective; and he has told the
story with skill and charm.
Beginning with the spread of the Scotch-Irish and German
pioneers along the Piedmont from Pennsylvania to South Carolina
in the early eighteenth century, he traces in less than one hundred
pages the development of the southern border, with special atten-
tion to western North Carolina, through the crushing of the Cher-
okee power in the wars of 1758-1761 and the expulsion of the
French from the great hinterland. These important events opened
wide the gateway through which went the "long hunters" into
Kentucky and Tennessee. As keen on the trail of profitable spec-
ulation as the backwoods hunter after his quarry was a group of
men of large vision-colonizers, land speculators, or "land pyrates"
-planning for large scale acquisitions in the new regions. Con-
spicuous among these, and the central figure in this book, was
Richard Henderson, by birth a Virginian but now a lawyer and
judge in western North Carolina. Having become interested in
the possibilities of the western country, Henderson sent the noted
young hunter, Daniel Boone, who had fallen into his debt, on long
exploring trips across the mountains. Meanwhile the wrongs of
the poor settlers in the back country of North Carolina had given
rise to the "regulation," and when this was suppressed in 1771
many of these borderers moved across the mountains into the Hol-
ston and Watauga districts on lands acquired from the Cherokees.
These settlements became a base for further expansion. Lord
Dunmore's War of 1774 against the Shawnees, deliberately pro-
voked by Virginia's governor, cleared the way into Kentucky. The
British government had sought by the royal proclamation of 1763
to bar settlers and land speculators out of the Indian country;
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/. Accessed May 23, 2015.