The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922

The Southwestern Historical Quarterly

THE TEXAS CONVENTION OF 18451
ANNIE MIDDLETON
III. THE WORK OF THE CONVENTION
1. The Acceptance of Annexation
Of the sixty-one deputies to be elected to the convention, Presi-
dent Jones apportioned fourteen from the twelve western counties,
eleven from the five northern, thirteen from the eight eastern, and
twenty-three from the eleven middle. According to the votes cast
at the last annual election, this gave an average of one deputy for
every one hundred and fifty-four voters in the west, for every two
hundred and twenty-seven in the north and east, and for every
two hundred and twenty-three in the middle counties.2 This basis
of representation was more favorable to the West than its most
enthusiastic advocates could have expected to obtain from Con-
gress; therefore, all party dissension, all petty jealousies, and all
antipathies were forgotten. Moreover, numerous sources of evi-
dence emphasize the fact that this apportionment was satisfactory
not only to the West but also to every other section of the Re-
public. The Texas National Register (Washington), May 14,
said, "The representation appears to be predicated upon the most
equitable basis, and will doubtless meet with the sanction of the
true friends of annexation in every part of the Republic." Upon
receiving the proclamation recommending the election of deputies
to the convention, D. S. Kaufman of Sabine Town wrote Presi-
dent Jones:
. . . The basis is just, equitable, and Republican, and for it
you will receive the thanks of a large majority of your fellow-
citizens. The country knows and appreciates your motives. They
know well that if Congress had fixed the basis, it would have been
perhaps almost impossible to secure a different one; that amidst
conflicts among the members, the great question of annexation
would have been delayed if not defeated.
'This is a continuation of Miss Middleton's paper in the April QUARTERLY
on "Donelson's Mission to Texas in Behalf of Annexation." Together
the two articles constituted her thesis for the M. A. degree at the Uni-
versity of Texas.
2Texas National Register (Washington), May 8, 1845.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/. Accessed December 22, 2014.