The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XXV OCTOBER, 1921 No. 2
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
CONDITIONS IN TEXAS AFFECTING THE COLONIZA-
TION PROBLEM, 1795-18011
MATTIE AUSTIN HATCHER
Between 1763, when France made over to Spain her claim to
Louisiana, and 1803, when, over the protest of the custodian, Na-
poleon sold it to the United States, the American frontiersmen, in
their irresistible march to the westward, had pushed their advance
lines to the Mississippi river.
This had come about, in spite of the exclusive policy of Spain
and in the face of the warnings of the local Spanish officials of
Louisiana, through the liberal policy of Carlos III and the eager-
ness of his minister to the United States to erect in the region a
buffer against the further advance of Spain's potential enemies,
the Americans. In pursuance of this policy, a great number of
foreigners had been admitted-Englishmen, Irishmen, Frenchmen,
Dutchmen, and even Americans who were, for the most part, mis-
takenly believed to be displeased with the government of the United
States or at least somewhat indifferent to the claims of citizen-
ship. By the beginning of the eighteenth century, the American
settlers had demonstrated their ability to wrest the country from
the Indians, to clear the forests, and to cultivate the new-made
fields. The buffer desired by the Spaniards had become, in the
hands of the enemy, a dangerous opening wedge. Additional
Americans were pushing closely behind and the pioneers were
1For "The Louisiana Background of the Colonization of Texas" see TTE
QUARTERLY for July, 1921.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 25, July 1921 - April, 1922. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101082/. Accessed April 23, 2014.