VOL. XXVI JANUARY, 1923 No. 3
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
ST. DENIS'S DECLARATION CONCERNING TEXAS IN
CHARMION CLAIR SHELBY
By the end of the seventeenth century colonial rivalry between
England, France, and Spain in America had become intense. The
claims and activities of Spain and France came into conflict espe-
cially in the Texas region and about the mouth of the Mississippi.
La Salle's ill-fated expedition of 1684 caused the greatest alarm
in New Spain and thoroughly aroused the officials to the French
menace. In 1690 the temporary missions on the Neches River,
in East Texas, were estabished, and in November, 1698, Pensacola
Bay was occupied, just in time to prevent it falling to the French,
who arrived a few weeks later and established the adjacent rival
post of Biloxi. However, because of the accession of the Bourbon,
Philip V, to the Spanish throne and the close alliance which was
thus formed with France, active hostility in America ceased for
the time being. Colonizing activity languished, and no steps were
taken by Spain to refound the missions in East Texas, which,
because of Indian troubles, had been abandoned in 1693.
During this period of neglect, French trading and exploring
activities among the Indians increased, and there was general
unrest among Spanish subjects on the frontier. The northeastern
'A paper prepared for Dr. C. W. Hackett's seminar in Southwestern
History at the University of Texas.
'Unless otherwise stated, this introductory note is based upon Bolton,
H. E., The Spanish Borderlands (New Haven, 1922), pp. 207-231.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 26, July 1922 - April, 1923. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101084/. Accessed April 25, 2015.