The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XXVII JULY, 1923 No. 1
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for mews expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE NEGOTIATION OF THE GADSDEN TREATY
J. FRED RIPPY
The relations of the United States and Mexico appeared to be
approaching another crisis in the spring and summer of 1853.
Raids of Indians from the northern side of the international
boundary were daily growing more destructive and Mexico was
persistently clamoring for the fulfillment of treaty obligations and
indemnity for the depredations which the savages were commit-
ting, while the government of the United States was urging that
its inability to cope adequately with the Indian difficulty was
largely due to Mexico's failure to furnish effective frontier de-
fence, and maintaining that it was not bound by the treaty of
1848 to pay indemnity for the spoliations of these Indians. The
old question of claims, which had been a source of difficulty since
the administration of Andrew Jackson and constituted one of the
causes of the recent war, was coming once more into prominence.
Difficulties confronted in surveying the boundary laid down by
the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo had culminated in a grave dis-
pute regarding the southern limits of New Mexico-a dispute
rendered critical on account of the attitude of the settlers and the
authorities on the frontier and the possibility that the loss of the
contested area by the United States would mean the loss of a
feasible route for a southern Pacific railway. Control of another
route was being interfered with, and the construction of the com-
munication apparently delayed, by Mexico's nullification of the
Garay grant in Tehuantepec, now in the possession of American
citizens who were loudly demanding the protection of their alleged

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 27, July 1923 - April, 1924. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101086/. Accessed September 1, 2014.