VOL. XXXI APRIL, 1928 No. 4
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
MINOR EMPRESARIO CONTRACTS FOR THE COLONIZA-
TION OF TEXAS, 1825-1834*
MARY VIRGINIA HENDERSON
I. MEXICO'S PREPARATION FOR THE COLONIZATION OF TEXAS
The establishment of an independent government in Mexico
marks the beginning of a new era in the history of Texas, an era
in which the suspicion and hostility of Spain toward all foreigners,
and especially all citizens of the United States, was to be super-
seded by an invitation to the world to build homes within Mexico's
vast wildernesses. When Spain controlled the territory, foreigners
found without passports were thrown into prison where they
might remain many weary years.'
With the establishment of Mexican authority over Texas, the
attitude toward foreigners was very different. As expressed in the
colonization law of the State of Coahuila and Texas, it was "the
state invites and calls them."2
Many answered the call, some as empresarios and others as
colonists. The purpose of this paper is to give, wherever possible,
a brief account of the work done by the minor empresarios of the
period from 1825 to 1834. The better known empresarios, Stephen
F. Austin, Green de Witt and Haden Edwards, will not be in-
To understand the work of the empresarios, it will be necessary
*A Thesis presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the Uni-
versity of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree
of Master of Arts.
2Bancroft, Hubert Howe, North Mewican States and Texas, II, 11.
'Gammel, Laws of Texas (Austin, 1898), I, 40.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 31, July 1927 - April, 1928. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101088/. Accessed March 11, 2014.