Southwestern Historical Quarterly
His Excellency before mentioned ordered me to give him an
account of the country and to inform him of everything. These,
Excellent Sir, are the motives encouraging me to take my pen
in hand and give you an account of the entire country, of the
status of the Indians, of their false religion, of the districts occu-
pied by this nation, of the fruits the land produces, and of the
means that may be taken so that in this whole section may form
a populous kingdom and one of great temporal and spiritual value.
On January 21-to the number of five ministers-we set out from
the College of Santa Cruz de Quer6taro and, at Saltillo, we joined
the company of militia. Continuing our journey, on June 28 of
the present year, 1716, we reached the boundaries of the country
of the Tejas where, having exchanged all the customary courtesies
and after a warm welcome to our Spaniards by the said Indians,
an account of everything and of the establishment of the missions
was given to that superior government.4
It now remains for me to give an account of our experience and
of the information I have acquired as to the condition of the said
country. And, because these are so important, your Excellency
will be good enough to consider them, so that when everything is
taken into consideration, a good ending may be forecast.
[Tribal Organization and Location of Missions]
This nation of the Asinai, whom we call Tejas or Texias, contains
many tribes. It extends as far as Rio del Misuri, according to
the reports of the Indians from the north and west. It contains
many settlements, some large and some small. On the northern
border, reckoning from that court and looking in the direction
above mentioned, the four missions for the different tribes are
located. Beginning with the first mission, San Francisco de los
Texas, some are on the north-northeast-that is, the first two.
To the eastward of these, at a convenient distance, is another,
while to the northeast is still another. Following the northern
range for fifty-three leagues or less one finds the bands of the
Cadodachos, Nazoni, Nacitos, and Nadzoos. Further on, in the
vicinity of Rio del Misuri, are the large settlements of the Caynio,
Tobacana and other tribes. To the east is the settlement of the
Nachitoz, where the French are continuing to settle, and also other
'Report of missionaries, July 22, 1716, in Ibid., 21-22.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 31, July 1927 - April, 1928. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101088/. Accessed March 29, 2015.