The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XXXII JANUARY, 1929 No. 3
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed bu
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE ROUTE OF THE CORONADO EXPEDITION IN
TEXAS
DAVID DONOGHUE
A casual reading of "The Coronado Expedition, 1540-1542," by
George Parker Winship,1 led me to suspect that this first Spanish
army that marched on the great western plains of America ex-
plored an area much less in extent than has been heretofore
ascribed to it by historians. I am convinced by their own state-
ments that the explorers never left the flat Llano Estacado, that
they never traversed the rolling plains of Oklahoma, Kansas, or
Nebraska. It is the purpose of this discussion to correlate the
various accounts of this eastern portion of Coronado's journey as
set forth in the narratives of Castafieda, Jaramillo and Coronado,
the Relacci del Suceso, and the Relacion Postrera de Sivola, and
to check them with the actual topography of the southern part
of the Great Plains. I shall undertake to show that the routes
proposed by previous historians are clearly impossible, and that
it is highly probable and reasonable that the route of the expedi-
tion at this point never left the Llano Estacado.
The crux of the problem is fixing the correct situation of
Quivira, the settlement at which the explorer turned and started
back. In locating the site of Quivira, modern writers put much
stress on the distances, directions, and number of days' march
given in the narratives, and especially on Coronado's statement
'Winship, George Parker, The Coronado. Expedition, 1540-1542. Four-
teenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology to the Secretary of the
Smithsonian Institution, Part 1, pages 329 to 637, Washington, 1896.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101089/. Accessed October 31, 2014.