The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929

Studies in Texas History

Three doctrinal theses on phases of Texas history were presented
at the June Commencement of the University of Texas. R. L.
Biesele, who wrote on The German Settlements in Texas, 1831-
1861, is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Ala-
bama; W. C. Holden, who wrote on Frontier Problems and Move-
ments in West Texas, 1846-1900, is Head of the Department of His-
tory in McMurry College, Abilene, Texas; Rupert N. Richardson,
who wrote on The Comanche Indians, 1820-1861, is Head of the
Department of History in Simmons College, Abilene, Texas.
Professor C. T. Neu of the East Texas State Teachers College
received the doctor's degree in May from the University of Cali-
fornia. His thesis is a survey of the Diplomatic History of the
Republic of Texas. Digests of the four theses appear below:
1831-1861: In presenting this study an effort was made to show
how the dissatisfaction with the prevailing social, economic, and
political conditions in Germany during the first half of the nine-
teenth century caused German emigrants to direct their footsteps
toward Texas after that distant, promising land became known to
them. Various plans are included which were submitted to the
Spanish and Mexican governments in the interest of German col-
onization in Texas and it is pointed out how these, as well as
the proposals made later to the Republic of Texas, proved un-
The actual founding of German settlements in Texas began in
1831 when Friedrich Ernst, a former subject of the grand-duchy
of Oldenburg, settled on a league of land on the west bank of
Mill Creek in what is now Austin County. The first settlement
received the name of Industry and became the center of a number
of German settlements founded in Austin, Colorado, Fayette, Wash-
ington, DeWitt, and Victoria counties in the period before 1861.
With the single exception of Yorktown, no concerted effort was
behind the founding of any of these settlements.
In Western Texas, that is, in the counties of Comal, Guadalupe,
Gillespie, Llano, Kendall, and Kerr, on the other hand, the Ger-
man settlements were founded either directly or indirectly as the
result of a colonization movement supported by the Society for

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 32, July 1928 - April, 1929. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed October 10, 2015.