The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VoL. XXXIV OCTOBER, 1930 No. 2
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
HISTORICAL NOTE ON DIMMIT COUNTY, TEXAS
PAUL S. TAYLOR
The country between the Nueces and Rio Grande is a segment
of the southwestern borderlands too little known to social scien-
tists. The researches of the historians have come closest, those of
Bolton outlining its earliest colonization from the south, and those
of Barker tracing the American migration towards it from the
northeast. The present article contributes towards filling the his-
torical gap by tracing the development of Dimmit County, which,
lying astride the Nueces where it bends northward, is situated at
the western end of the area between the two famous rivers.'
In 1834, just prior to the Texas revolution, a series of land
grants was made under the colonization laws of the State of Coa-
huila and Texas by Fortunato Soto, colonization commissioner at
Dolores. The ruins of this village, destroyed by fire shortly there-
after, stand on Los Moros Creek below Brackettville. Seven of
these grants lie all or partly within the bounds of Dimmit County.
To Jesis Cardenas, for example, was granted eleven leagues on the
'The material for this article was gathered while the author was en-
gaged in field researches under the auspices of the Social Science Re-
search Council. The main studies are appearing under the general title,
"Mexican Labor in the United States"; the Dimmit County study, which
see, is the fifth of the series (Univ. Calif. Publ. Econ., VI, 5). The
principal sources for this article are the files of the Carrizo Springs
Javelin, government reports on soils and water, and oral accounts of
early settlers. Many contributed, of whom three may be named as types:
F. Vandervoort, who aided both by conversations and through his ac-
count, "The Dimmit of long ago," in Javelin, July 8, 1921; Bob Lem-
mons, rancher and ex-slave, a survivor of the first party to make per-
manent settlement, and Diego Sanchez, all of them at the time con-
sulted the oldest living settlers of their races.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 34, July 1930 - April, 1931. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101091/. Accessed August 22, 2014.