The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

A LOG OF THE TEXAS-CALIFORNIA CATTLE TRAIL, 1854
fAMES G. BELL
EDITED BY J. EVETTS HALEY
II
2d August 1854 Left Franklin to-day at four O'Clock, after
remaining about one week. Had a splendid rain. The first one
since we left San Antonio. The clouds hand low around the
tops of the mountains and seem to be within gun shot. These
mountains abound in silver, and within the vicinity several mines
are in the different processes of opening and working; one mine
known as the Step [h]enson mine yields abundantly and has lately
been disposed of to a company - some of whom are members
of Congress - for Thirty thousand dollars; Franklin has also
been purchased for about the same amount and by the same com-
pany; this induces me to believe the Pacific Railroad bill is not
far from its passage. Near El Paso is supposed to be the cross-
ing point.
4th Left camp at sunrise. The day bids fair to be a pleasant
one. It is now raining on the mountain tops, which are entirely
covered with clouds; - grasing the cattle in the valley.
Made fifteen miles to camp near Fort Filmore, raining hard
all morning, had dinner - pretty rough, after living on town
fare for a week. Will soon get used to it however, dont care how
rough, so that I get to California soon.
The features of James Company are considerably changed,
some men have been discharged and some new ones received; I
can hardly tell whether the change has made any improvement;
it is verry difficult to collect any body of men together, without
having some black sheep in the flock.
Cool wind blowing and sun shining. Had a bath just before
supper, while bathing a sharp little rain came up and we had just
time to get our clothing under shelter.
5th Saturday. Prospect of a fine day, leave camp early. Will
pass fort Filmore in one mile and a half. Filmore is quite a
a large post, four companies are stationed here. This post is in

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/. Accessed August 30, 2015.