Southwestern Historical Quarterly
DIARY OF A VISIT OF INSPECTION OF THE TEXAS
MISSIONS MADE BY FRAY GASPAR JOS DE
SOLIS IN THE YEAR 1767-68
TRANSLATED BY MARGARET KENNEY KRESS WITH INTRODUCTORY
NOTE BY MATTIE AUSTIN HATCHER
The character and location of the Indian tribes of Texas have,
in a great measure, determined the history of the Southwest.
Particularly was this true during the earlier years of Spanish
occupation when the French were seeking to overcome the handi-
cap of priority of claim on the part of their enemies by insinuat-
ing themselves into the good graces of the natives by flattery and
by gifts. Realizing, therefore, that every document throwing light
upon the first inhabitants of the region was grist for the mill of
eager historians, the Editors of the QUARTERLY of the Texas
State Historical Association, in July, 1897, printed in their first
volume two articles on the Texas Indians. One, "Expulsion of
the Cherokees from East Texas," was written by John H. Reagan;
the other, "Tribal Society Among the Texas Indians"--a most
comprehensive survey of the field-by Martin M. Kenney, the
father of Mrs. Margaret Kenney Kress, the translator of the
Diary of Father Solis, here given.
To these pioneer studies, the Editors soon added four other
outstanding articles, "Descubrimiento de la Bahia del Espiritu
Santo," translated by Miss Lilia M. Casis (1899); "The Cherokee
Indians in Texas," by E. W. Winkler (1903); and "Bonilla's
Brief Compendium of the History of Texas, 1772," and "De
Le6n's Second Expedition of 1689," translated by Miss Elizabeth
Howard West (1904-1905). Within the next fifteen years, the
QUARTERLY printed a series of important studies made in various
divisions of this virgin field by Dr. Herbert E. Bolton and Dr.
William E. Dunn;' and, by 1926, it had rounded out its first
1Bolton, "The Spanish Abandonment and Re-occupation of East Texas,
1773-1779" (1905); "The Founding of Mission Rosario: A Chapter in the
History of the Gulf Coast" (1906); "The Native Tribes About the East
Texas Missions" (1908); "The Juamano Indians in Texas, 1650-1771"
(1911); "The Spanish Occupation of Texas, 1519-1690" (1912); "Span-
ish Activities on the Lower Trinity River, 1746-1771" (1913); "The
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/. Accessed May 3, 2015.