Diary of Fray Gaspar Jose De Solis, in the Year 1767-68 29
series of preliminary studies in the field by the publication of
a number of reports showing the status of the Indian question in
1820-when the Spaniards were about to relinquish the solution
of the vexing Indian question to the Mexicans. Translations by
Mattie Austin Hatcher describe conditions at the close of the
Spanish regime: "Texas in 1820" (1919) and "Conditions in Texas
Affecting the Colonization Problem, 1795-1801" (1921). The
status in 1828 and 1835-when the Mexicans were, in turn, on
the point of turning over the difficult problem to the Americans
is shown by "A Trip to Texas in 1828 by Jos6 Maria Snchez"
(1926), and "Statistical Report of Texas by Juan N. Almonte"
(1925), translated by C. E. Castafieda. To this point, however,
the chief emphasis had been placed upon the respective gains or
losses of the French, the Spaniards, the Mexicans, and the Ameri-
cans in the contest of civilization rather than upon the Indians
themselves-i. e. upon the military, economic, and political
phases of the international struggle rather than upon the man-
ners and customs of the Redmen, though certain of the articles
and reports, as a matter of fact, had contained incidentally im-
portant anthropological data.
In 1927 a new series was undertaken, the first contribution
being "Description of the Tejas or Asinais Indians, 1691-1722"
(translations by Mattie Austin Hatcher).2 The originals were
written during the earliest years of Spanish occupation by three
priests who had actually dwelt among the Indians of East Texas.
The first of these, Fray Francisco Casafias de Jestis Maria, wrote
in 1691. Fray Francisco Hidalgo added his contribution in 1716,
while Fray Isidro Felis de Espinosa gave his valuable supple-
mental information in 1722. The three writers agree in all es-
sential details and furnish invaluable information concerning the
Asinais Indians-their tribal government, their system of com-
munal labor, their homes, their gardens, their foods, their cos-
tumes, their feasts, their dances, and their religious beliefs.
Founding of the Missions on the San Gabriel River, 1745-1749" (1914);
and "Beginings of Mission Nuestra Sefiora del Refugio" (1916).
Dunn, "Apache Relations in Texas, 1718-1750" (1911); "Missionary
Activity Among the Eastern Apaches" (1912); "The Apache Mission on
the San Saba River" (1914); and "Founding of Nuestra Senora del Re-
"THE QUARTERLY, XXX, 206-218 and 283-304, and XXXI, 53-62 and
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/. Accessed January 25, 2015.