The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932

THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XXXV OCTOBER, 1931 No. 2
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed by
contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE WESTERN BOUNDARY OF LOUISIANA, 1762-1803
RICHARD STENBERG
Did France and Spain delimit in 1762 their North American
possessions by fixing conventional eastern and western boundaries
for Louisiana, just before or when it was transferred by France
to Spain? Were the Mississippi and Rio Grande made the lim-
its of Louisiana by preliminary treaty in 1762 more secret than
the deed of transfer, which itself remained till 1764 in conceal-
ment ? The answer would bring further light to the much mooted
question, "Was Texas included in the Louisiana ceded in 1803 to
the United States ?"-a question answered affirmatively by many
of our early statesmen. Judge N. Beverly Tucker of Virginia
and Missouri narrates:
About 1762, just before the cession of Louisiana by France to
Spain the Rio Del Norte was established as the boundary by
treaty. The subsequent cession made that treaty of no conse-
quence, and it was forgotten. But meantime a copy had been fur-
nished the vice-regal government of Mexico where Branch Archer
told me, in 1833, it had been seen by many persons of his acquaint-
ance during the connexion between Texas and Mexico. .
Jos. M. White, about the same time assured me that a copy of the
article had been furnished him by the French Minister of foreign
affairs. . . . France if properly called upon, is bound to pro-
duce the treaty of boundary.'
1Tucker to John C. Calhoun, November 13, 1844, in J. F. Jameson,
Correspondence of John C. Calhoun, 1008 note, in Am. Hist. Assn. Report,
1899, II; also in C. S. Boucher and R. P. Brooks, "Correspondence to
John C. Calhoun," in Am. Hist. Assn. Report, 1929, pp. 258-262.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 35, July 1931 - April, 1932. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101092/. Accessed August 20, 2014.