Book Reviews and Notices
an audience by Lopold I, king of the Belgians, who appeared much
interested in Texas and expressed his benevolent sentiments toward
the new republic. This episode concludes the fourth chapter.
The fifth and final chapters cover the negotiations by Daingerfield
with the Hanseatic cities, with Germany and Austria, the capitals
of which he visited, this task taking him into 1845. In the mean-
while Dr. Ashbel Smith had taken up at Paris and in London the
negotiations for a guarantee by France and Great Britain of Texan
independence, and he also entered into further negotiations with
Spain. Smith, leaving Europe for Texas at the end of 1844, was
replaced early in 1845 by George Whitefield Terrell. The annexa-
tion of Texas by the United States, of course, cut short diplomatic
intercourse and negotiations. Texan diplomacy had consisted
mainly of dangling before European nations and ports the possi-
bilities that lay in preferential treaties of commerce with a young
republic, mainly agricultural and possessing potential natural re-
sources which offered markets for European products and profitable
colonization projects along the principal river valleys.
PAUL A. F. WALTER.
The South as a Conscious Minority, 1789-1861. By Jesse T. Car-
penter. (New York. The New York University Press.
1930. Pp. x, 315. Price $4.50.)
Since 1920 much consideration has been given to the problem of
minorities. Professor Carpenter has made a study of the ante-
bellum South in search of an answer to the question whether a
minority may impose restraints upon the will of a numerical major-
ity and, if it has that right, by what means the restraints are to be
exercised and enforced. The Old South is here treated as a sec-
tional minority trying to work out an "adequate philosophy of pro-
tection to its interests in the American Union."
Professor Carpenter's task was, first, to establish the fact that the
South was a sectional minority; second, to show how the South
adhered to four principles of protection, namely, local self-govern-
ment, the concurrent voice, constitutional guarantees, and southern
independence; and, third, to present the application of these prin-
ciples in the Confederate Constitution. How the South sought its
protection within the Union under the first of these three principles
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/. Accessed December 20, 2013.