The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933

A Log of the Texas-California Cattle Trail, 1854

A LOG OF THE TEXAS-CALIFORNIA CATTLE TRAIL, 1854
JAMES G. BELL
EDITED BY J. EVETTS HALEY
III
2Sd Saturday. Very warm today. The last news from town
is that a small train of ox teams came in last night; some five or
six families. Also Holiday's train is three, days behind. The Pemos
Indians has had a fight with some Gila Apaches, who have just
come up; the Pemos got the best having killed five and capturing
some seventy head of horses. Our train is very fortunate. We
have not seen more than three or four Indians on the whole trip,
while almost every other train has been attacked.
In Teuson the mills used for grinding grain are something odd
to me. So far as I could see into one, it is a stone about two feet
in diameter set into a box made of mortar. Across the top of the.
stone is tied two poles, one to pull by the other to lead the Donkey
power. It is fed by a woman throwing in a handfull of grain
every half hour or so. I am told that one Finages of grain is one
day's work; I suppose from the apperance of these mills that the
grain is allowed to remain in untill there is too much to grind
well. Then the stone is taken out and the flour removed, for
there is no opening for it to run out.
24 Sunday. Clear and warm. Still in camp near Teuson,
preparing the cattle for the road to Fort Yuma.
Visited town again today. Through favour of Mr. James I
dined with the comandante. My desire to learn something of
Mexican customs, p [r]obably made me accept the invitation more
readily than I otherwise would have done.
Just about dining time the Padre Veafo - came in slightly
intoxicated-- his compafiaro and two others, James Fernyer and
myself made the party. The Comandante politely offered me his
place, and waited until the second table. His wife, a large stout
woman of about two hundred and fifty pounds weight, nearly six
feet high, rather handsome, clear skin, and although she has three
8A fanega is a Spanish measure of grain of approximately one hundred
pounds.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/. Accessed July 13, 2014.