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by contributors to THIn QUARTRLY
VOL. XXXVI OCTOBER, 1932 No. 2
THE ALABAMA INDIANS OF TEXAS
Near the Big Thicket in Polk County, Texas, lives a small rem-
nant of the Alibimu and Koasati Indians-commonly known as the
Alabamas and Coshattis. The two tribes are related, being of
Muskhogean stock, and both were members of the Upper Creek
Confederacy.' The Alabamas appear in history for the first time
upon the coming of De Soto. Biedma, one of the chroniclers of
the unfortunate expedition of the Spanish explorer, tells us that
after leaving Mavila or Maubila, they marched to the northwest
until they reached the province of the Alibamo,2 which was probably
somewhere within the limits of the present state of Mississippi.3
The Gentleman of Elvas states that the governor in April, 1541,
lodged at a small village called Alimamu, where they searched for
corn.4 Ranjel calls this village Limamu.5 Here the Alabamas
had built a stockade manned by three hundred warriors to resist
the advance of the Spaniards, but after a sharp engagement, De
Soto carried the fort, though with considerable loss. Garcilaso, in
1Hodge, Frederick W., ed., Handbook of American Indians North of
Meaxoo, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1907-10, I, 719-20.
'Bourne, Edward Gaylord, ed., Narratives of the Career of Hernando de
Soto in the Conquest of Florida, New York, 1922, II, 24.
RPickett, Alfred James, History of Alabama and incidentally of Georgia
and Mississippi; from the Earliest Period, in Owen, Thomas McAdory,
Annals of Alabama, 1819-1900, Birmingham, 1900, 44-5.
'Bourne, Edward Gaylord, ed., Narratives of the career of Hernando de
Soto in the Conquest of Florida, I, 108-10.
6Ibid., II, 136.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/. Accessed June 2, 2015.