Southwestern Historical Quarterly
would help him to accomplish his ambition in order to effect their
own designs. His end was accomplished by dissolving Congress
and amending the constitution, overthrowing the state legislatures,
and dismissing cabinet members who were not subservient to his
Five republican states-San Luis, Jalisco, Nuevo Leon, Zaca-
tecas, and Coahuila-Texas vigorously protested. Troops were sent
under trusted generals to reduce the nearer states, while Santa
Anna himself led troops to subdue Zacatecas. On May 10, this
was accomplished with great brutality. Carlos Garcia, the gov-
ernor, was defeated and overthrown, and the soldiers of Santa Anna,
given free license, committed the most scandalous butcheries, rob-
beries, and outrages. Zacatecas was completely crushed. Santa
Anna himself ruthlessly seized the products of the rich mines as
well as the funds of the state.4 But for a while he hesitated con-
cerning the course to pursue in reference to Texas. Gomez
Farias's plan of settling natives, subsidized by the nation, on the
Texan frontier had been a complete failure, for the Mexicans
could not be hired to go as colonists either to Texas or to Cali-
fornia." Therefore, Santa Anna with his hands full of the business
of subduing Zacatecas and the other revolting states, had played
for time and had adopted a seemingly conciliatory attitude toward
Texas; consequently the objectionable law of April 6, 1830, was
partly revoked, several new municipalities were set up, and other
conciliatory steps were taken. But with Zacatecas crushed, and
with the great wealth of this state in his hands, Santa Anna was
ready to give his entire attention to Texas.
Accordingly on August 31, 1835, in order to stir up the Mexican
people and to begin preparations for his campaign, he issued,
through the Minister of Relations, to all the governors and local
officials, a proclamation declaring his intention to lead an army
It was Santa Anna's plan quietly and gradually to gather at
Bexar, where he had already stationed his brother-in-law and
favorite general, Cos, an adequate force with which to begin his
4H. H. Bancroft, History of Mexico, V, 140.
Vicente Filisola, Guerra de Tejas, II, 39-43.
'Dublan y Lozano, Legislaion Meicano, III, 64-65.
Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/. Accessed February 1, 2015.