The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934

Book Reviews and Notices

in order to create a feeling of sympathy. National rivalries gave
undue publicity to his work, which was immediately translated
into all the most important European languages, and the atroci-
ties of the Spanish conquistadores became a tradition. Many
books in defense of Spain's treatment of the natives, and as
many in condemnation, have been written since that day.
The present study is an attempt to present impartially the
principal facts concerning the beginnings of the encomienda and
repartimiento system, the extent of forced labor, the hardships
endured by the conquered races, and the efforts of the Spanish
crown to correct the abuses which naturally crept in as a result
of the conditions prevailing in America and the distance between
the mother country and the colonies. The book is divided into
two parts: The Encomienda System and Types of Labor. In
the first the development of the system and its persistence is
briefly traced and in the second the various types of labor per-
formed by the Indians are described. Here there is nothing
new in the present study, and its chief value lies in bringing
together the widely scattered facts concerning Indian labor in
the Spanish colonies that the student may have them more read-
ily at hand. The conclusions are impartially drawn and it is
ably pointed out that the story of the Spanish conquest and
colonization "is not solely a tale of a succession of black deeds,
for the conquistadores and their monarchs did much for the
benefit of the Indians. . . . Before the settlement of the
first English colonies in the New World, Spain provided schools,
churches, and local village government for the Indians. By that
time legislation had been passed which it has taken other countries
many centuries to enact."
The study was originally published in the New Mexico Histori-
cal Review, Volume VII, Nos. 2-4, and has been reprinted in
book form by the Historical Society of New Mexico.
C. E. CASTANEDA.
Sitting Bull Champion of the Sioux. A Biography. By Stanley
Vestal. Pages xvi, 350. (Boston and New York: Hough-
ton Mifflin Company, 1932. Price, $3.50.)
"My boy, if you live, you will never be a man in this world,
because you can never have a gun or pony." This lament, ex-

Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/. Accessed August 2, 2015.